Writers

Celanova is also known as the “Town of Poets”: several writers have been born here e.g. Curros Enríquez, Celso Emilio Ferreiro, and Xosé Luis Méndez Ferrín.

The “Día das Letras Galegas” (Day of Galician Literature) – a holiday throughout the whole of Galicia – has been devoted to two of them. It’s celebrated on May 17th since 1963 in remembrance of the fact that on May 17th 1863 “Cantares Galegos” (Galician Songs) by Rosalía de Castro was published in Vigo and it stands for the beginning of the so-called “Rexurdimento” (resurgence, rebirth) of Galician literature in the 19th century. The “Día das Letras Galegas” pays tribute to those who have excelled in their works in Galician language and in their defense of this language.

MANUEL CURROS ENRÍQUEZ (1851-1908)

   Along with Rosalía de Castro and Eduardo Pondal he is one of the three most noteworthy writers of the so-called “Rexurdimento” (resurgence, rebirth) of Galician literature in the 19th He was also a journalist and a newspaper director and he was very socially engaged.
   All this led him to great conflicts with the Church that nearly sent him to jail.
   In 1967 the “Día das Letras Galegas” was devoted to him.
   In “A Virxe do Cristal” (Our Lady of Crystal) (1800) – a poem included in “Aires da miña terra” (literally “Airs of my Land”) he narrates the legend that led to the origin of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Crystal in Vilanova dos Infantes.
   Some of his poems have been set to music:

•   He lived in Celanova, London, Madrid, and Havana where he died. He was buried in A Coruña.
   Several towns and cities – including Celanova since 1909 – have named a street after him or dedicated a monument to him.
M.Manuel Curros Enríquez 
M.Video sobre Manuel Curros Enríquez I 
M.Video sobre Manuel Curros Enríquez II(from min. 3:42 to min. 4:46) 

CELSO EMILIO FERREIRO MÍGUEZ (1912-1979)

   He was a politician and author of works of social criticism: he is considered to be the heir of the Curros Enríquez’ legacy.
   In 1989 the “Día das Letras Galegas” was devoted to him.
   He spent several nights in the prison located in the premises of the monastery of Celanova because of some remarks he made in 1937. This seems to be the origin of his famous poem “Longa noite de pedra” (Long and stony night) (1962) regarding Franco’s dictatorship.
   Some of his poems have been set to music:

   He lived in Celanova, Ourense, Asturias, Pontevedra, Vigo, Caracas, and Madrid.
   There’s a street named after him in Ourense and Vigo and since 1983 in Celanova.
M.Celso Emilio Ferreiro Míguez
M.Fundación Celso Emilio Ferreiro
M.Video 

XOSÉ LUIS MÉNDEZ FERRÍN (1938- )

   He was born in Ourense and spent some time in Celanova, he also lived in Pontevedra, Vigo, and Madrid.
   He’s a nationalist politician, a writer, a doctor in Philology, and secondary school teacher.
   He has worked in a broad array of genres: poetry, novel, theater, literary criticism, etc…
   He has been granted several regional and national awards and has been a member – since 2000 – and the president – from 2010-2013 – of the “Real Academia Galega” (Royal Galician Academy).
   Since 1999 the “Asociación de Escritores en Lengua Gallega” (the “Association of Writers in Galician Language”) have put forward his name several times to be nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
   Some of his poems have been set in music:
M.“Conto” (Story)
   Due to his political activity he was prosecuted three times and he spent some time in jail.
M.Xosé Luis Méndez Ferrín

XOSÉ “PEPE” VELO MOSQUERA (1916-1972)

   He was a poet, a journalist, and a political activist. He was imprisoned in Galicia and in Portugal. In 1948 he went into exile.
   Along with Celso Emilio Ferreiro in Celanova he took an active part in the establishment of “Mocedades Galeguistas” (Galician Nationalistic Youths) in 1932.
   In 1961 along with the “Directorio Revolucionario Ibérico de Liberación” (DRIL) he took part in the highjack of the Portuguese ocean liner “Santa María”, in order to draw the world’s attention to the dictatorships of Franco and Salazar, in Spain, and Portugal respectively.
   He was born in Celanova, he lived in Vigo, and Venezuela. He went into exile in Portugal and later in Brazil, where he passed away.
   Since 1996 there’s a street in Celanova named after him.
M.Xosé “Pepe” Velo Mosquera

Other writers that were also born in Celanova are:

Cástor Élices (1847- 1886)

Lola González (1942- )

Xosé Manuel del Caño (1955 – )

Xosé Benito Reza Rodríguez (1956 – )

Antonio Piñeiro Feijoo (1959 – )

Paulino Vázquez (1962 – )

José María Paz Gago (1966- )

Baldo Ramos (1971 – )

 

ARCHITECTURE / SCULPTURE

ESTATUA DE MANUEL CURROS ENRÍQUEZ
STATUE OF MANUEL CURROS ENRÍQUEZ
(Celanova)

   It’s located on “Rúa da Botica” (Botica Street).
   It was inaugurated in 1951 – during the centennial of his birth.
   It’s a work by Francisco Asorey.

 

 

ESTATUA DE CELSO EMILIO FERREIRO
STATUE OF CELSO EMILIO FERREIRO
(Celanova)

   It’s located on “Rúa da Botica” (Botica Street).
   It was inaugurated on May 17th 1989 – “Día das Letras Galegas” – during the year in which that day was dedicated to him, during the tenth anniversary of his death.
   It’s a work by Alcisclo Manzano.

 

 

CASA NATAL DE CELSO EMILIO FERREIRO
CELSO EMILIO FERREIRO’S CHILDHOOD HOME
(Celanova)

   It’s located in “rúa Curros Enríquez, 25” (25 Curros Enríquez Street).
   Since 2012 on the outside there’s a plaque as a reminder that this house is his birthplace.

 

 

CASA NATAL DE MANUEL CURROS ENRÍQUEZ
MANUEL CURROS ENRÍQUEZ’S CHILDHOOD HOME
(Celanova)

BIC*: National Historical Monument since 1976

   It`s located in “rúa Curros Enríquez, 37” (37 Curros Enríquez Street).
   Manuel Curros Enríquez lived here since he was a child until he moved to Madrid.
   This house is a good sample of vernacular architecture.
   The wooden railing is decorated with lyres (symbol of poetry).
M.Manuel Curros Enríquez’s Childhood Home
M.Video of the Building’s History (1830-2004)

 

MUSEUM

CASA DOS POETAS
HOUSE OF POETS
(Celanova)

   It’s located in “rúa Curros Enríquez, 37” (37 Curros Enríquez Street).
   The ground floor of this museum houses a permanent didactic exhibition regarding poets Manuel Curros Enríquez and Celso Emilio Ferreiro.
   This building is also the site of the “Fundación Curros Enríquez” (Curros Enríquez Foundation) that among other activities grants each year since 1985 the “Celanova, Casa dos Poetas” Award which acknowledges the efforts in favor of Galician culture made by a person or an entity. The award winner is granted a silver medal – a work by Alcisclo Manzano. The award ceremony usually takes place on the Sunday after August 31st as a reminder of the passing of Celso Emilio Ferreiro.
M.Casa dos Poetas
M.Fundación Curros Enríquez y Casa dos Poetas
M.Video of the Building’s History (1830-2004)
M.Video Casa dos Poetas(desde el min. 7:49 al min. 9:49)

 

HIKING TRAIL

ROTEIRO CURROSIANO
CURROSIAN TRAIL
Roteiro Currosiano

 

*BIC (Bien de interés cultural) – “Heritage of Cultural Interest” – applies to classified heritage in Spain.

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