Hiking

In the vicinity of Celanova there’s a great array of natural areas, among which are 2 biosphere reserves Gerês-Xurés and Allariz Area -, and 1 nature parkBaixa Limia-Xurés. Apart from a large variety of environments that shelter a rich flora and fauna, we will also find a rich cultural heritage.

There are several hiking trails that allow us to discover the natural and cultural heritage of this area.


ROTEIRO CURROSIANO
CURROSIAN TRAIL
(Celanova)

  • The goal of this trail is to get to know the cultural and natural heritage of Celanova that is related to the Works of Manuel Curros Enríquez.
  • Currently access to parts of the trail is difficult due to the layout of a new road.

iiTrail Map
iiVideo


CAMIÑO NATURAL DE SAN ROSENDO
SAINT RUDESIND’S NATURAL PATH
(Bande – Celanova – Ourense)

  • Length of the trail: 66.1 km.: 28.3 km. (Bande – Celanova) + 37.8 km. (Celanova – Ourense)
  • Time: 17.32 hours: 7.42 hours (Bande – Celanova) + 9.50 hours (Celanova – Ourense)
  • Level of difficulty: easy-moderate (Bande – Celanova) and easy (Celanova – Ourense)
  • This trail is sign-posted with information panels regarding the itinerary and its cultural, natural, and intangible heritage.
  • It runs from Bande to Ourense via Celanova.
  • It’s called this way due to “A vía romana do Gerês” (The Roman Road of Gerês) written by Don José Matos Ferreira after he walked this trail in 1728.
  • Along this trail one can see samples of ethnographic architecture, as well as samples of architecture of different historical epochs and architectural styles (Roman, Visigothic, Romanesque, Baroque, etc..).
  • Along the stretch Bande – Celanova we can see heaths (“uz” in Galician), a hardwood forest, with birch trees (Betula sp.), oak trees (Quercus robur), and chestnut trees (Castanea sativa), and we can also see some juniper (Juniperus sp.).
  • Along the stretch Celanova-Ourense we can see alder trees (Alnus glutinosa), oak trees (Quercus robur), ash trees (Fraxinus sp.), willow trees (Salix sp.), hardwood forests, pine trees, some strawberry trees (Arbutus unedo), and a thick river forest of alders.
  • This trail starts in Bande, within the limits of the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

CCamiño Natural de San Rosendo: de Bande (Porto Quintela) a Celanova: 28,3 km.
CMap of the Stretch from Bande to Celanova
CMap 1/6
CMap 2/6
CMap 3/6
CCamiño Natural de San Rosendo: de Celanova a Ourense: 37,8 km.
CMap of the Stretch from Celanova to Ourense
CMap 4/6
CMap 5/6
CMap 6/6

PR-G143 ROTEIRO DO RÍO ARNOIA
PR-G143 RIVER ARNOIA TRAIL
(Ramirás (Escudeiros) – Gomesende (O Val))

  • Length of the trail: 14 km. = 11 km (Escudeiros – Shrine of Our Lady of Val) + 3 km. (Shrine of Our Lady of Val – Escudeiros)
  • Time: 3 hours 80 min. = 3 hours (Escudeiros – Shrine of Our Lady of Val) + 80 min. (Shrine of Our Lady of Val – Escudeiros)
  • Level of difficulty: moderate
  • This hiking trail allows us to see among other things what remains of the “Muíños da Chancela” (Chancela Watermills), the small chapel of “Angustias” (Anguishes) in the village of O Viso, and the Shrine of Our Lady of Val de Poulo at the end of the trail. The trail is 11 km. long.
  • From the Shrine of Our Lady of Val de Poulo one can walk back to Escudeiros along a trail that runs eastwards and is 3 km. long.

PPR-G143 Roteiro do Río Arnoia

ROTEIRO DA BROA
A BROA TRAIL
(A Merca)

  • Length of the trail: 15 Km
  • Time: 3 hours 45 min.
  • Level of difficulty: easy
  • This circular hiking trail allows us to see hundred-year-old oak and chestnut groves, the uninhabited village of Ponte Ermida, the Chapel of Carmen in Entrambosríos, the ensemble of “hórreos” (granaries on pillars) in Olás, as well as the ruins of a watermill by river Arnoia. This hiking trail coincides partly with that of “Verea Vella” (Old Path) also known as “Verea Real” (Royal Path), which in the past century was the way shoemakers followed to go from Vilanova dos Infantes (Celanova) to Allariz, to buy leather at the tanneries of that town.

RRoteiro da Broa
RTrail Map

ROTEIRO DOS MUÍÑOS DO RÍO GATO
RIVER GATO WATERFALLS TRAIL
(Cartelle)

  • Length of the trail: 6 km.
  • Time: 2 hours
  • Level of difficulty: moderate-challenging
  • It’s not suitable for children or for people with reduced mobility. One must wear suitable footwear in order to prevent slipping on rocks or on moss.
  • This circular trail runs along the canyon of River Gato – a tributary river of River Arnoia, likewise a tributary of another river – River Miño.
  • On road OU-215 from Cartelle to Arnoia, one must take the turn towards O Toural in Sande, and get to a soccer field, which is the starting point of this trail.
  • We pass by the “O Silandeiro” recreation area, and later, we must make a detour in order to visit some watermills (that of the “Aguardenteiro” – the liquor seller -, and that of “Os Bandes”), later another detour takes us to the “A Fraga do Gato” (the Gato Forest) view point with impressive views on the valley and the river canyon.
  • After having seen three other watermills, we get to the “Mal Paso” (Misstep) area – the most dangerous part of the trail: the path is narrow and rocky, but there’s a handrail.
  • By the river we will see abandoned “socalcos” (traditional terraces for wine growing), and 3 watermills (“de Herdeiros”, “de Hermenegildo”, “de Ninfas” (Nymphs).
  • Further ahead we will see the Gato waterfall, several water pools, and the “Paso de Montouto” (Montouto Pass) – a huge rock in the middle of the river bearing tracks left by carts. This area is so hard to access, that in the past it was part of a smuggler’s trail that linked it with Portugal.
  • In “O Pozo Gordo” (the Fat Water Pool) River Gato flows into River Arnoia forming a waterfall: the “Fervenza do Río Gato” (the River Gato Waterfall) – which is especially spectacular during the rainy season – which is actually when it’s very difficult or even impossible to get there.
  • After the views from the “Mirador da Peniña” (Small Rock View Point), if we take a detour to the right, we can see an oven called “Forno de Arauxo”. Further ahead we can also see an old wine press, the “Escaleras de Matusalén” (Methuselah’s Stairs) and the “Adegas de Mogos” (Mogos wine cellars), the “Fontana del Paraíso” (Paradise Fountain), and more abandoned “socalcos” (terraces for farming).
  • In the village of Sande – apart from its streets, its square, and a fountain – we can visit the Baroque “Iglesia de San Salvador” (Saint Savior’s Church) that hosts an altar piece by Castro Canseco.
  • Following a road we can get to the start point of the trail – the soccer field. If we want, we can get off the trail and walk along 1 km. to visit the medieval Sande’s Keep – a National Historical Monument.

RRoteiro de los molinos del río Gato I
RRoteiro de los molinos del río Gato II
RTrail Map

CAMIÑO NATURAL VIA NOVA
VIA NOVA NATURAL PATH
(Lobios-Muíños-Bande-Lobeira-Rairiz de Veiga)

  • Length of the trail: 56.55 km. = 16 km. (Portela de Home – A Portaxe, Lobios) + 19.76 km. (A Portaxe, Lobios – Porto Quintela, Bande) + 20.79 km. (Porto Quintela, Bande – Congostro, Rairiz de Veiga)
  • Level of difficulty: easy
  • This trail corresponds to part of the layout of the Via Nova within the province of Ourense, Spain. Within this province this trail links the district of Baixa Limia and that of A Limia, running from Portela de Home (Lobios) to Porto Quintela (Bande) and from there to A Saínza (Rairiz de Veiga).
  • This trail is sign-posted with information panels regarding the itinerary and its cultural, natural, and intangible heritage.
  • This trail allows us to see Roman remains: milestones – in Portela de Home (Lobios), the “Aquis Originis” “mansio”– in Ríocaldo (Lobios), the bridge in Pontepedriña and the “mansio” and the military encampment at Aquis Querquennis (Bande), part of the original layout of the Roman road (Güin, Bande), and the milestones in O Padrón (Rairiz de Veiga). We can also enjoy cultural heritage of other historical periods – of the “Castro” Culture, and of the Visigothic period -, as well as ethnographic heritage.
  • The trail combines areas still with the original layout – 150 m. from Güin towards Ponte Liñares both in Bande – with others along which it is believed that it ran, and in some specific cases the natural path runs parallel to the original Roman road.
  • This trail runs through the Transborder Biosphere Reserve Gerês-Xurés – that includes the Baixa Limia-Xurés Nature Park – and the Allariz Area Biosphere Reserve.

TMap of the Stretch from Portela de Home (Lobios) – Santa Comba de Bande (Bande).
TMap of the Stretch from Santa Comba de Bande (Bande) – A Saínza (Rairiz de Veiga).
TThe Stetch from Portela to Home to A Portaxe (Lobios)
TThe Stetch from A Portaxe (Lobios) to Aguis Querquennis (Bande)
TLa The Stetch from Aguis Querquennis (Bande) to Congostro (Rairiz de Veiga)

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ROTEIRO PONTE DOS CARROS
CARROS BRIDGE TRAIL
(Quintela de Leirado)

  • Length of the trail: 8 km.
  • Level of difficulty: moderate
  • This trail allows us to see the “dos Carros” (of the Carts) Roman bridge along the old way from Leirado to the center of Mociños.

RRoteiro Ponte dos Carros
RTrail Map

ROTEIRO CACHENA
CACHENA TRAIL
(Quintela de Leirado)

  • Length of the trail: 3 km.
  • Level of difficulty: moderate
  • This is a mountain trail that allows us to discover the indigenous cattle of that area: the “cachena” breed of cows.

RRoteiro Cachena
RTrail Map

ROTEIRO DO RÍO DEVA
RIVER DEVA TRAIL
(Quintela de Leirado)

  • Length of the trail: 6 km.
  • Level of difficulty: easy-moderate
  • This trail allows us to get to see up to 8 watermills and a view point at the end of the trail. It runs through mountain terrain.

RRoteiro do Río Deva I
RRoteiro do Río Deva II
RTrail Map

PR-G27 ROTEIRO DE QUEGUAS
PR-G27 QUEGUAS TRAIL
(Entrimo)

  • Length of the trail: 8.5 km.
  • Time: 3 hours
  • Level of difficulty: moderate
  • It’s a circular trail.
  • The landscape is especially spectacular when we border the highest levels of the mountain of approx. 1000 m with rocks and bushes, and we see sharp and granite peaks on the horizon: the “Serra de Leboreiro” (Leboreiro Range), the “Serra do Xurés” (Xurés Range), the “Serra de Quinxo” (Quinxo Range), and the “embalse de Lindoso” (Lindoso reservoir).
  • Along the trail we can see chestnut and oak trees.
  • We can also get to see the indigenous cattle: “garranos” (ponies) and “cachena” cows.
  • This trail also allows us to discover the cultural heritage of the Neolithic Era – the “A Casa da Moura” dolmen – as well as ethnographic heritage.
  • Entrimo is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RPR-G27 Roteiro de Queguas I
CRoteiro de Queguas II

PR-G 128 ROTEIRO DO PAN
PR-G 128 BREAD TRAIL
(Entrimo, San Facundo de Pereira)

  • Length of the trail: 6.73 km.
  • Time: 1 hour
  • Level of difficulty: moderate
  • This trail allows us to discover mountain villages – Pereira – and elements of ethnographic heritage: a watermill –  “O Muíño da Casa do Frade” (the Frair’s House Watermill).
  • In the final stretch of the trail we can see the natural boundary that separates Galicia and Portugal in A Casa do Frade (the Friar’s House), from where we can enjoy spectacular views.
  • Entrimo is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RPR-G 128 Roteiro do Pan

PR-G 28- ROTEIRO DE PADRENDO
PR-G 28- PADRENDO TRAIL
(Lobios, Ríocaldo)

  • Length of the trail: 11.3 km.
  • Time: 4-5 hours
  • Level of difficulty: moderate-challenging
  • This trail is circular.
  • The landscape that this trail allows us to enjoy is that of the valley between the “Serra de Santa Eufemia” (Saint Euphemia Range) and the “Serra do Xurés” (Xurés Range).
  • Among other species we can see cork trees, pine trees, strawberry trees, and other species like holly.
  • This trail also allows us to discover the ethnographic heritage of the area: old wine presses, the “Muiños do Freixeiro” watermills; in the village of Torneiros “socalcos” (traditional farming terraces), “hórreos” (granaries on pillars), a threshing floor; in Padrendo the “ethnographic park of bread and wine”: watermills, “hórreos” (granaries on pillars), a threshing floor, and a communal oven dating back to 1836, apart from wine cellars and an interesting museum – first house in the village – hosting an exhibit of traditional tools used in the past for bread and wine making.
  • This trail runs along the “raia” (line) – the border between Galicia and Portugal – and within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RRoteiro de Padrendo I
CRoteiro de Padrendo II

ROTEIRO ata o FOXO DO LOBO DE GUENDE
TRAIL towards the WOLF PIT IN GUENDE
(Lobios, San Paio de Araúxo)

  • Length of the trail: 6.31 km.
  • Time: 1 hour (2 hours back and forth)
  • Level of difficulty: easy-moderate
  • From the parking lot there’s 1 hour to the pit (easy/moderate climb, at times on uneven ground), and 1 hour to go back (downhill). Suitable footwear is recommended.
  • There’s a sign-posted hiking trail that leads to the wolf pit: there are green signs – within the village -, 6 live-size silhouettes of wolves in weathering steel by sculptor Toño Monteiro, and also “mariolas” (cairns) – used in the past by shepherds.
  • At the beginning of the trail by the parking lot and at the end by the wolf pit there are information panels.
  • The pit is located in an area of spectacular scenic beauty: with oak trees covered with lichen, rocky areas – with huge rocks and boulders modeled by the erosion during 65 million years, and the mountains on the horizon (Fontefría Peaks).
  • Climate: The weather can change very quickly, and it can be windy where the wolf pit is located. Appropriate clothing is recommended.
  • Wolf pits date back to Prehistory and are characteristic of livestock-raising areas.
  • The northwestern region of the Iberian peninsula is where they are best preserved, and this area at the foot of the Xurés mountain range –within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve – has the highest concentration of wolf pits within the Iberian peninsula.
  • This wolf pit is one of the few samples of “kid pits” or “kid traps” that exist in Galicia: a kid – a baby goat – was tied in the center of the pit as live bait for the wolf. This type of wolf pit is a circular walled construction with a ramp. When a wolf heard the kid bleating, he would climb up the ramp and jump into the pit, from which he couldn’t get out: the walls are nearly 3 m. high and their surface is very smooth. When the kid stopped bleating, the villagers knew that the wolf was inside the pit.
  • After leaving the wolf inside the pit going hungry during some days, in order to make him weaker, it was caught with the help of dogs. Once tied and muzzled, the wolf was paraded and exhibited as a hunting trophy throughout the villages of the district.
  • Wolf pits were used especially in spring and summer.
  • This type of wolf pit is a trap that dates back to the Middle Ages and was used until ca. 1900.
  • This wolf pit was restored by archeologists in 2015.
  • Lobios is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RTrail Map
RVideo (from min. 1:15 to the end)

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ROTEIRO DOS CASTELOS
CASTLES TRAIL
(Lobios, San Paio de Araúxo)

  • Length of the trail: 8.5 km
  • Time: 3-4 hours
  • Level of difficulty: easy-moderate
  • This is a circular trail that starts in the parish of Sampaio (Lobios), runs through Guende (Lobios), and finishes at Sampaio. We follow posts with blue and white stripes.
  • The trail is called “Castles Trail” because it runs at the foot of the “Serra do Xurés” (Xurés Range) along an area in which the tall rock walls of the range give us the impression that we are in a path flanked by castles.
  • The vegetation is made up especially by oak groves and chestnut groves.
  • We pass by bathing sites along the river, a picnic area (with picnic tables, grill and fountain), watermills, beehives, granite boulders, and indigenous cattle of that area – the “cachena” breed of cows.

RTrail Map

ROTEIRO DO RÍO VILAMEÁ
RIVER VILAMEÁ TRAIL
(Lobios, Ríocaldo)

  • Length of the trail: 1.7 km.
  • Time: 45 min.
  • Level of difficulty: easy-moderate
  • This circular hiking trail allows us to visit twelve restored watermills that have different types of roofing.
  • Along the trail there is also an “alvariza” (a traditional circular stone wall construction encircling and protecting bee yards from bears).
  • Lobios is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RRoteiro do Río Vilameá I
RRoteiro do Río Vilameá II
RVideo

ROTEIRO DA CORGA DA FECHA
SMALL WATERFALL GULLY TRAIL
(Lobios)

  • Length of the trail: 4 km.
  • Time: 3 hours
  • Level of difficulty: challenging
  • This trail takes us along the ancient layout of Roman road XVIII (Via Nova) and allows us to visit the “Aquis Originis” Roman “mansio”, go for a swim in water pools and to enjoy the views of the Portela de Home valley and the Serra de Santa Eufemia (Saint Euphemia Range).
  • Lobios is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RRoteiro da Corga da Fecha I
CRoteiro da Corga da Fecha II
RTrail Map
RVideo I (from min. 0 to min. 2.07)
RVideo II

ROTEIRO DA MINA DAS SOMBRAS
SHADOW MINES TRAIL
(Lobios)

  • Length of the trail: 14 km.
  • Time: 8 hours.
  • Level of difficulty: challenging
  • This trail is linear.
  • The trails starts close to the Ermida do Xurés (Xurés chapel), runs by watermills located along river Vilameá, and also by an “alvariza” (a traditional circular stone wall construction encircling and protecting bee yards from bears), rises along the old path used by miners up to the “Mina de las Sombras” (Shadow Mines) – wolfram mines exploited during World War II to export the mineral to Germany.
  • Apart from riverbank vegetation, we will see is scrub – broom, heather, and holly.
  • Lobios is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

CRoteiro da Mina das Sombras
CTrail Map

ROTEIRO DO RÍO MAO
RIVER MAO TRAIL
(Lobios)

  • Length of the trail: 4 km.
  • Time: 2 hours
  • Level of difficulty: easy-moderate
  • This circular trail starts and ends by the “casa da Escusalla” – believed to have belonged to the Inquisition – and allows us to see watermills, waterfalls, and water pools, where we can go for a swim.
  • Among other vegetation we will see cork trees, oak trees, willows, holly trees, and birch trees.
  • We will also enjoy the views over the valley of river Mao and of the “Serra do Quinxo” (Quinxo Range).
  • Lobios is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RRoteiro do Río Mao I
CRoteiro do Río Mao II
RTrail Map

ROTEIRO ETNOGRÁFICO DE PUXEDO
ETHNOGRAPHIC TRAIL AT PUXEDO
(Lobios (San Paio de Araúxo))

  • It’s an ethnographic hiking trail that is sign-posted with information panels that allow us to understand the history and the function of these ethnographic elements
  • It includes 28 “hórreos” (granaries on pillars) and 4 “eiras de mallar” (threshing floors) – made of granite slabs – spread throughout the entire village making up ten ensembles. There is also a communal oven.
  • The hiking trail starts in “Eira do Toco” located beside road OU-1206 Lobios-A Cela at kilometer 9 and runs by the ten ensembles of “hórreos” and the four threshing floors, and finishes at the monumental ensemble of Saint Anthony – the Chapel of Saint Anthony, a wayside offertory box devoted to the souls of Purgatory, an old bandstand, and several wayside stone crosses.
  • Lobios is located within the Gerês-Xurés Transborder Biosphere Reserve.

RTrail Map
RVideo

Also Smartphone Apps are useful to plan our trip: “Sendegal” and “Parques Naturales de Galicia”. (the latter only available in Spanish)

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